Learn more about the nuances of construction of cranes – bars and beams

In the equipment area, the definition of a beam is adopted as a beam working on bending. This condition is observed both in the bridge crane and in a turntable crane beam, which makes the question “Lifting beam vs spreader bar” inaccurate, as they both have real-life power.

Before finding out how does a spreader bar work, it’s important to realize the main difference. Crane beam swivel is a design that is similar to a bridge crane with a manual or electric drive. To implement the rotation of the boom beam, a single-bearing structure is realized. The spreader bar for lifting support is movable and ensures the rotation of the beam in the horizontal plane. The beam withstands significant loads that arise under the action of a suspended load on the console. People often use levers to lift loads, which are of three types: one-shoulder, two-shoulder, and two-shoulder angular. If the properties of the single-lever are realized in the cantilever crane, the crane-beam is rotatable according to the scheme of a two-arm lever, simple or angular.

Crane turn beam: some aspects of manufacturing that spreader bar uses

The crane swing beam is calculated and manufactured using special equipment. In the calculations, the properties of the variable lever are used. The smaller the lever arm is the greater the force you need to attach to balance the shoulders. In combination with the counterweights and pulley block, it is possible to design and fabricate a crane beam for turning, moving, and lowering various loads. In practice, this is confirmed by the presence of a large number of different models of crane beams. Each consumer will find a faucet for the beam of the required parameters.

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To increase the carrying capacity, a pulley is used. It is a system of moving and fixed blocks through which a rope is passed. The more moving blocks in such a bundle are the greater the gain in strength. Various designs of twin pulley blocks have been developed, which have found wide application in lifting equipment. At the same time, the more settlement blocks are in the pulley the greater will be the loss in the length of the rope, which it must pass to lift the load to a certain height.

The simplest crane, which is made on the principle of a two-arm lever, is of the following construction. A stand is welded to a wide pedestal of profile metal. A pivot is attached to the rack. The upper part of the pivoting mechanism is connected to the two-arm lever. The short part of the lever is located horizontally. The long part of the lever is installed at an angle of about 70 degrees upwards. At the top of the lever, there is a device consisting of pulleys. A steel rope running from the winch to the hook of the load-handling device is laid along them. This arrangement of parts and mechanisms is used in virtually all crane beams.

Selecting a crane

The process of selection is pretty complex. After spending a few minutes during the discussion of your application, you can save considerable money in the future.

Each project has a budget. In an effort to control project costs, some customers are considering inappropriate crane types that can be dangerous, often significantly reducing the efficiency of the crane and ultimately wasting money. Starting with an honest assessment of needs is of utmost importance when choosing a crane for your enterprise.

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